Cervical Spine Trauma Video

Introduction to CT imaging of cervical spine trauma, focusing on the craniocervical junction. This video covers:

  • The bony and ligamentous anatomy of the atlanto-axial and atlanto-occipital joints
  • Atlanto-occipital dislocation
  • Occipital condyle, C1 burst, and odontoid fractures.

 

 

ℹ️References:
1. Riascos R, Bonfante E, Cotes C et-al. Imaging of Atlanto-Occipital and Atlantoaxial Traumatic Injuries: What the Radiologist Needs to Know. Radiographics. 2015;35 (7): 2121-2134. doi:10.1148/rg.2015150035
2. Hall GC, Kinsman MJ, Nazar RG et-al. Atlanto-occipital dislocation. World J Orthop. 2015;6 (2): 236-43. doi:10.5312/wjo.v6.i2.236
3. Hanson JA et al: Radiologic and clinical spectrum of occipital condyle fractures: retrospective review of 107 consecutive fractures in 95 patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(5):1261-8, 2002
Leone A, Cerase A, Colosimo C, Lauro L, Puca A, Marano P. Occipital condylar fractures: a review. Radiology 2000;216(3):635–644.Link, Google Scholar
4. Hsu WK, Anderson PA. Odontoid fractures: update on management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2010;18 (7): 383-94.
5. Julien TD, Frankel B, Traynelis VC, Ryken TC: Evidence-based analysis of odontoid fracture management. Neurosurg Focus 2000;8(6):e1.
6. Dvorak J, Schneider E, Saldinger P, Rahn B. Biomechanics of the craniocervical region: the alar and transverse ligaments. Orthop Res 1988;6(3):452–461.
7. Dreizin D, Letzing M, Sliker CW, Chokshi FH, Bodanapally U, Mirvis SE, et al: Multidetector CT of blunt cervical spine trauma in adults. Radiographics 34:1842–1865, 2014
8. Mead, Loren B. et al. “C1 Fractures: A Review of Diagnoses, Management Options, and Outcomes.” Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine 9.3 (2016): 255–262. PMC. Web. 15 Aug. 2018.